500+ Words Mahatama Gandhi Essay | Biography of Gandhiji for Students

Essay on Mahatama Gandhi: Books, Movements, Quotes

On 2nd October 1869, Gandhiji was born at Porbandar in Gujrat.  His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was from a middle-class family, Kathiawar. 

Gandhiji was a great patriot, who fought against the Britishers. He was a lawyer, educationist, philosopher, and political ethicist. Mahatama Gandhi was one of the most influential and respected persons of the 20th century. He made numerous sacrifices for present India. He started many movements against the Britishers.  It was Gandhi's dream to free India from the Britishers.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Mahatama Gandhi's Philosophy 

Gandhi has written in his famous book ''India of my dreams'' that I aspire for a strong and free India.'' He was also imprisoned many time by the Britishers.

Gandhiji was against the Varna system of India. He wanted that there should be neither upper class nor middle class in the society. He was against discrimination.
Gandhiji encouraged cottage industries. He was of the view that new India should be self-reliant and independent, everyone should get a proper education. And everyone should enjoy equal rights.

Gandhiji never wore fashionable clothes. He used to wear simple clothes. He was a vegetarian. He fought against the British government non-violently. He was against violence. This non-violent approach of fighting against the oppression has influenced many people around the world. Many countries have recognised him as their inspiration. 

Gandhiji was the first nationalist leader of India who identified his life and manners with the life of common people.
He wore clothes like them, lived his life like them and even spoke simple Hindustani.
Besides, he used to spent his free time each day spinning Khadi. Gandhi not only looked like a common man but could understand their problems and relate to their lives.

Gandhiji took up issues of common people & the poors, be it Kheda Peasantry or Champaran peasants & did not take rest till the Justice was delivered to the poor peasants.

Movements Started By Gandhiji

  • Non-cooperation Movement, 1920.
  • Champaran Movement, 1917.
  • Kheda Movement, 1918.
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March) 1930.
  • Quit Movement, 1942.
Gandhiji was also a great writer who has written many great works to inspire and guide people all across the world.

Books written by Gandhiji

  • Satya Ke Prayog.
  • The Essential Gandhi.
  • The Words Of Gandhi.
  • Pathway To God.
  • India Of My Dreams.
  • Non-Violent Resistance.
  • Conquest of Self.
  • Village Swaraj.
  • The Sayings of Mahatma Gandhi.

Quotes by Mahatama Gandhi

''Truth is my God.''

"Do or Die.'' 

"Hate the sin, love the sinner." 

Conclusion Gandhiji Essay

Gandhiji was shot dead by a Hindu nationalist, Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948. Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, is observed as Gandhi Jayanti in India, a national holiday, as the International Day of Non-violence worldwide His contribution towards the freedom struggle of India & eradication of inequality and the class system will be remembered forever.

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